What to Know About the Injury Healing Process
Recovering from an injury is sometimes a frustratingly long process. We want to get better so we can return to normal whether it’s athletic training, for work, or just to move around without pain. Unfortunately, many people elongate their recovery times because they try to do too much before their bodies are ready. They end up re-injuring themselves and having to start the process over.
While you’re resting and recovering, your body is hard at work. An injury sets your body’s immune system into action, and there are millions of things going on under the surface and on a microscopic level to heal a wound or care for an injury.
To heal an injury, the body goes through four essential phases. They are called the hemostasis phase, the inflammatory phase, the proliferative phase, and the maturation phase. Let’s examine each of these phases and how your body works to heal an injury.
The Hemostasis Phase
In the first phase of healing, your body is trying to stop the loss of blood and other fluids. It’s basically damage control. Your body sends a large number of resources to the cut or other wound to try and return balance so you’re not losing vital fluids anymore. This phase includes things like blood clotting and the formation of scabs.
The Inflammatory Phase
Once the damage is under control, your body gets to work to control any bacteria in the injured area. It sends white blood cells called neutrophils into the wounded area to remove any dirt, germs, and other debris that got in. This phase can last for days and is often why the wound becomes swollen or red. There is a lot of activity going on trying to get your body ready to heal back up.
The Proliferative Phase
The proliferative phase is what happens after the wound is cleaned and the body is ready to close back up and begin the process of restoration. In the case of open wounds like cuts, the wound fills, and the skin closes to cover the injured area.
The Maturation Phase
In the final phase of injury healing, the body begins to restore any damaged nerves and blood vessels in the body. New tissues and skin become more flexible and stable. This phase can last anywhere from several days to several months depending on the injury.
Speeding the Healing Process
Most medical professionals will recommend some combination of rest and inflammation control to speed the injury healing process. You have to let your body do its work without stressing the wounded area, which can slow things greatly. In the case of more serious injuries, sometimes medical interventions like prescription medications or surgery are required. Minor injuries can often be dealt with at home, but severe injuries will likely require medical attention.
Over the past 20 years, a lot of scientific research has shown that peptides have amazing healing properties. Several peptides have been proven in animal models to facilitate and promote skin healing and injury recovery. Peptides are short proteins that have a range of applications. Some peptides show promising results in animal models when treating things like Crohn’s disease, and others are seen as promising heart failure treatments. Explore some of the wound healing peptides here to learn more.
Recovering from an injury is never fun. Thankfully, we know more about wound healing now than we ever have, and there are resources at our disposal that make recovery faster and more effective. Learn more about peptides and their potential healing properties to discover better ways to heal after an injury.